Artificial Intelligence

21st March 2023 by Premlal | IT & Telecom

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the emulation of human intelligence in devices that have been designed to behave and think like humans. The phrase can also be used to refer to any computer that demonstrates characteristics of the human intellect, like learning and problem-solving. Artificial intelligence is a topic that, in its most basic form, combines computer science and substantial datasets to facilitate problem-solving. Moreover, it includes the branches of artificial intelligence known as deep learning and machine learning, which are commonly addressed together. These fields use AI algorithms to build expert systems that make predictions or categorize information based on incoming data.

The development of artificial intelligence is still the subject of much hype, as is the case with many newly introduced technologies. Product innovations, such as self-driving cars and personal assistants, are noted to follow "a typical progression of innovation, from overenthusiasm through a period of disillusionment to an eventual understanding of the innovation's relevance and role in a market or domain”. We are nearing the bottom of inflated expectations and the peak of disillusionment, as Lex Fridman noted in his 2019 MIT address.

History of Artificial intelligence (AI)

The British logician and computer pioneer Alan Mathison Turing produced the earliest significant work on the subject of artificial intelligence in the middle of the 20th century. In 1935, Turing wrote about an abstract computer that had an infinite memory and a scanner that moved symbol by symbol across the memory, reading what it found and writing new symbols. A program of instructions that is also stored in the memory as symbols control how the scanner behaves.

Ancient Greece was the period in which the concept of "a machine that thinks" first appeared. Nonetheless, significant occasions and turning points in the development of artificial intelligence since the invention of electronic computing include the following:

  • 1950: Publishing Computing Machinery and Intelligence has done by Alan Turing. Turing, who gained notoriety during World War II for cracking the Nazi ENIGMA code, proposes in the paper to address the question of "Can machines think?" and introduces the Turing Test to ascertain whether a computer can exhibit the same intelligence (or the outcomes of the same intelligence) as a human. Since then, people have argued over the Turing test's usefulness.
  • 1956: The phrase "artificial intelligence" is first used by John McCarthy at the inaugural AI conference at Dartmouth College. (McCarthy later created the Lisp language.) Allen Newell, J.C. Shaw, and Herbert Simon develop the Logic Theorist later that year, which is the first functioning AI software ever.
  • 1967: The Mark 1 Perceptron, created by Frank Rosenblatt, was the first machine built on a neural network that "learned" by making mistakes. Perceptrons, written by Marvin Minsky and Seymour Papert, is published just a year later. It quickly establishes itself as a classic work on neural networks while also serving as, at least temporarily, a counterargument to further neural network research.
  • 1980: In AI applications, neural networks that train themselves via a backpropagation technique are frequently employed.
  • 1997: In a chess match, IBM's Deep Blue defeats former world champion Garry Kasparov (and rematch).
  • 2011: During Jeopardy! IBM Watson defeated winners Ken Jennings and Brad Rutter.
  • 2015: Convolutional neural networks, a particular type of deep neural network, are used by Baidu's Minwa supercomputer to detect and categorize photos more accurately than the average person.
  • 2016: Lee Sodol, the current world champion Go player, is defeated by DeepMind's AlphaGo software in a five-game battle. Given the enormous number of possible moves as the game develops (more than 14.5 trillion after just four plays!), the victory is noteworthy. Eventually, Google reportedly paid $400 million to buy DeepMind.

Since 2020, various AI platforms like GPT-2, GPT-3, and DALL-E, were launched which were capable of creating creative content and images. But the launch of Midjourney and ChatGPT in 2022 has gained the attention of the whole world due to their phenomenal features for example Mid journey can create graphics based on simple text and ChatGPT is capable of solving many problems and guiding you through them.

Why is Artificial intelligence (AI) so important nowadays?

AI is significant because, in some circumstances, it can outperform people at activities and because it can provide businesses with previously unknown insights into their operations. AI technologies frequently finish work fast and with very few mistakes, especially when it comes to repetitive, detail-oriented activities like reviewing a large number of legal papers to verify key fields are filled in correctly.

For some larger businesses, this has created completely new business prospects and contributed to an explosion in efficiency. Before the current wave of AI, it would have been difficult to envision utilizing computer software to connect passengers with cabs, but today Uber has achieved global success by doing precisely that. To estimate when people are likely to need rides in specific locations, it makes use of powerful machine learning algorithms, which help proactively put drivers on the road before they are required. Another illustration is how Google, by employing machine learning to comprehend how users interact with its services and subsequently enhance them, has grown to become one of the most significant players in a variety of online services. The biggest and most prosperous businesses of today have utilized AI to enhance their operations and outperform rivals.

Four types of AI

1. Reactive AI:

Depending on a set of inputs, methods optimize outcomes. AIs that play chess, for instance, are reactive systems that optimize the most effective approach to winning the game. Reactive AI is often fairly static and unable to learn from or adjust to new circumstances. So, given similar inputs, it will result in the same output.

2. Limited memory AI:

AI is capable of updating itself in response to fresh observations or data. The name "limited updating" refers to the fact that updates are typically few and far between. For instance, autonomous vehicles can "read" the road, adjust to unusual circumstances, and even "learn" from prior experiences.

3. Theory-of-mind AI:

This AI is completely adaptable and has a wide range of learning and memory capabilities. Some AI kinds include sophisticated chatbots that could pass the Turing Test and deceive a person into thinking it was a real person. These AI are remarkable and cutting-edge, but they are not self-aware.

4. Self-Aware AI:

In this category, AI programs are conscious because they have a sense of who they are. Self-aware machines are aware of their conditions. There is currently no such AI.

Applications of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in different Sectors or industries

Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare:

The biggest wagers are on decreasing costs and enhancing patient outcomes. Machine learning is being used by businesses to diagnose problems more quickly and accurately than humans. IBM Watson is one of the most well-known healthcare technologies. It can answer inquiries and comprehends regular language. The system constructs a hypothesis using patient data as well as other available data sources, which it then provides with a confidence grading schema. Additional AI uses include deploying chatbots and online virtual health assistants to aid patients and healthcare customers with administrative tasks like scheduling appointments, understanding billing, and finding medical information. Pandemics like COVID-19 are being predicted, combated, and understood using a variety of AI technologies.

Artificial Intelligence in Education:

AI can automate grading, freeing up time for teachers. Students can be evaluated and their needs can be met, allowing them to work at their own pace. AI tutors can provide pupils with extra assistance to keep them on track. Also, it might alter where and how students learn, possibly even displacing some instructors.

Artificial Intelligence in Finance (financial institutes and banking):

Artificial intelligence is a key component of how financial transactions and many other tasks are handled in banks. These machine learning models make it easier and more effective for banks to manage daily operations such as transactions, financial operations, management of stock market funds, etc.

Artificial intelligence in the banking and financial sector is commonly used in use cases like anti-money laundering, where questionable financial transactions are tracked and reported to regulators. Additional use cases include the frequently used by credit card firms credit systems analysis. Geographically tracked suspicious credit card transactions are handled and resolved using a variety of criteria.

Financial institutions are being disrupted by artificial intelligence (AI) in personal finance software like Intuit Mint or TurboTax. Apps like this gather personal information and offer financial guidance. The process of purchasing a home has been used with other technologies, such as IBM Watson. Currently, a large portion of Wall Street trading is carried out by artificial intelligence software.

Artificial Intelligence in Law:

Sifting through documents during the discovery stage of a legal case may be quite stressful for people. AI is being used to speed up labor-intensive legal sector operations and enhance client service. Law companies use computer vision to identify and extract information from documents, machine learning to characterize data and forecast results, and natural language processing to comprehend information requests.

Artificial Intelligence in Manufacturing:

Robot integration has been pioneered by the manufacturing industry. Cobots, which are smaller, multitasking robots that work alongside humans and assume more responsibility for the job in warehouses, factories, and other workspaces, is an example of industrial robots that were once programmed to execute single tasks and segregated from human workers.

Artificial Intelligence in Transportation:

In addition to playing a crucial part in driving autonomous vehicles, AI technologies are also employed in the transportation industry to control traffic, forecast airline delays, and improve the efficiency and safety of ocean shipping.

It has become urgently necessary to optimize the way that air transportation operates because it is one of the main systematic modes of transportation in the globe. Artificial intelligence became involved at this point, where the computer plans the routes as well as the flight landing and takeoff charts.

Several airplanes employ artificial intelligence for navigational charts, taxing routes, and fast checks of the complete cockpit panel to verify the proper operation of each component. As a result, it produces very promising outcomes and is widely used. The ultimate goal of artificial intelligence in aviation is to make human travel simpler and more comfortable.

Artificial Intelligence in Gaming and Entertainment:

This is one field where artificial intelligence has made the most strides, from virtual reality games to the games of today. You can play alone without a partner because bots are available at all times.

This business is evolving because of the level of individualized detail and visuals that is now possible thanks to the development of artificial intelligence.

Artificial Intelligence


In conclusion, artificial intelligence is one of the most transformative technologies of our time, with the potential to revolutionize nearly every industry and aspect of our daily lives. Its ability to analyze vast amounts of data, learn from experience, and make decisions without human intervention is changing the way we live, work, and interact with each other.

AI has already made significant contributions to healthcare, finance, transportation, and many other industries, improving efficiency, accuracy, and safety. As AI technology continues to advance, we can expect to see even more transformative applications in the years to come, from autonomous vehicles and personalized medicine to intelligent virtual assistants and smart homes.

However, the widespread adoption of AI also presents significant challenges, including concerns about data privacy, bias, and job displacement. As AI becomes more ubiquitous, we must address these issues and ensure that AI is used ethically and responsibly.

Overall, the future of AI is both exciting and challenging, and it will require collaboration and innovation across industries and disciplines to fully realize its potential. With careful planning and thoughtful implementation, AI has the potential to transform our world in profound and positive ways.


Research Associate

Premlal is the Research Associate at Delvens. His core responsibilities are conduct fact-based research and analysis, Evaluate new and established research resources, support key business discussion, clarify complex data into graphs and related panels.

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