A recloser is a device used in electrical power distribution systems to protect the grid from short circuits, faults, and overcurrent. It functions like a circuit breaker but has the added ability to automatically re-establish power after a momentary interruption.
Reclosers work by detecting changes in the current flow through the distribution system. If the current exceeds a predetermined level, the recloser will open to stop the flow of electricity and protect the system from damage. After a brief pause, the recloser will attempt to re-energize the circuit to see if the fault has cleared. If the fault is still present, the recloser will continue to operate in a "reclose" cycle, attempting to restore power for a set number of attempts before locking out to indicate that manual intervention is required.
Reclosers are typically used on overhead distribution lines and are commonly found in rural and suburban areas. They can help reduce the duration and frequency of power outages by automatically restoring power after momentary faults, which account for a significant portion of power interruptions.
The Global Recloser Market was estimated to be 1.0 billion USD by value in 2022. It is projected to reach 1.52 billion USD by 2030 with a CAGR of 5.4% in the forecast period of 2023-2030. There are several drivers for the recloser market, including.
Increasing demand for uninterrupted power supply: With the rise of technology and the increasing reliance on electricity, there is a growing demand for uninterrupted power supply. Reclosers can help reduce the frequency and duration of power outages, which can be costly for both businesses and individuals.
Aging power distribution infrastructure: Many power distribution systems around the world are aging, which increases the risk of failures and outages. Reclosers can help maintain the reliability and stability of the grid by protecting it from faults and overcurrent.
Growing investments in renewable energy: As more renewable energy sources such as wind and solar are added to the grid, the need for reclosers and other protection devices increases. These sources of energy can be more variable and unpredictable than traditional sources, which require more advanced protection technologies.
Major players operating in the global recloser market ABB, Eaton, Siemens, G&W, GENERAL ELECTRIC, Schneider Electric, NOJA Power Switchgear Pty Ltd, Stelmec, ARTECHE, ELECTRIC&ELECTRONIC CO. LTD., Brush Group, Elektrolites, Ghorit Electricals, and Iljin Electric.
Eaton and LG Electronics teamed together in February 2022 to provide flexible load management for applications utilizing distributed renewable energy sources. As part of this collaboration, Eaton will integrate LG ThinQ Energy mobile app and LG energy management solutions with its intelligent power management technologies, including smart breakers and EV chargers.
ABB finished supplying low- and medium-voltage digital technologies for the Shanghai Bailonggang Wastewater Treatment Plant expansion project in China in January 2021. As part of the project, ABB also developed a special power management system to guarantee ongoing operations and prevent downtime during facility renovation.
The Global Recloser Market is segmented based on Phase, Control, Voltage, and Interruption Type.
The recloser market is divided into single-phase, three-phase, and other segments based on the phase segment. In the power industry, three-phase reclosers are mostly used in the transmission and distribution sector. Growing grid transmission and distribution projects investment will support three-phase recloser demand. Due to its use in power substations and feeders, the single-phase segment is predicted to grow gradually. The remaining portion is made up of a single triple-phase that mechanically shuts trips and locks each phase.
Electric, hydraulic, and other market segments are created based on the control segment. The growing demand for the electric sector is due to its functional characteristics, such as it provides improved operational feasibility, dependability, and precision. Advanced protection, metering, and automation features make it easily customizable. Reclosers with electronic control and microprocessors are included in another category. It offers sophisticated operating features like analytical tools with fault location, event recording, and oscillography capabilities.
The recloser market is divided into low-voltage, medium-voltage, and high-voltage segments based on the voltage segment. Due to the widespread use of low-voltage reclosers in feeders and substations for overcurrent protection and fault isolation, the low-voltage segment is anticipated to hold the greatest market share in the global market. Due to the continued growth of transmission and distribution networks, medium and high voltage portions are also rising more quickly. During the projection period, the market for low voltage segments will be driven by strong demand from residential applications in the distribution network and expanding residential and commercial sectors in developing nations.
The market is divided into oil and vacuum type segments based on interruption type. Due to its excellent characteristics, the Hoover-type segment is dominating the market. Better arc quenching properties, increased dependability, cost-effectiveness, and environmentally benign, and easily recyclable technology are a few of the characteristics. Power plants and feeders use oil-interrupting reclosers, which need routine repair. During the predicted period, non-programmable features, reduced customization options, and oil properties that alter with temperature will all slow down demand for oil reclosers.
The largest market share and fastest CAGR expansion are anticipated for Asia Pacific in the worldwide recloser market. Electricity transmission utilities, power production utilities, power distribution utilities, commercial sectors, and trains and metros are a few of the region's major end-users of the recloser. Because capital and labor costs are lower in the region, the manufacturing industry is anticipated to expand even more. The demand for electricity generation is rising in Asian nations like China and India as their populations are growing. China is focusing its efforts on the creation of intelligent power distribution systems and intelligent substations. Thus, during the projection period, the recloser market is likely to be supported by rising investments. Significant investments are also being made in China for the creation of electricity using renewable energy sources like solar, hydrogen, wind, and natural gas. Reclosers are needed to control energy and offer fault avoidance, and their demand will soar, propelling the Asia Pacific sector.
The recloser market plays a critical role in ensuring the reliability and stability of electrical power distribution systems. As demand for uninterrupted power supply continues to increase, reclosers offer a valuable solution to reduce the frequency and duration of power outages. Additionally, with the aging of power distribution infrastructure, the need for advanced protection technologies such as reclosers is becoming more important than ever. As governments around the world continue to promote the adoption of smart grid technologies, we can expect the demand for reclosers to grow in the coming years. With advancements in technology, the recloser market is poised for continued innovation and growth as the world's energy needs continue to evolve.